SASOL: 26,511 +112 (+0.42%)
Russia's Norilsk and S.African coal town Kriel top SO2 emissions hot spots -NASA data
JOHANNESBURG, Aug 19 (Reuters) - Russia's Norilsk smelter
complex and a town in South Africa's eastern coal mining
province have the highest sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions in the
world, according to satellite data from U.S. space agency NASA.
The NASA-compiled data published on Monday was commissioned
by environmental group Greenpeace India and used the space
authority's satellites to track anthropogenic sulphur dioxide
emission hot spots around the world.
Scientists say that excessive exposure to SO2 particles
causes long-term respiratory difficulties and stunted growth in
infants among other problems.
Norilsk, 300km (186 miles) inside the Arctic Circle, has the
largest individual SO2 emissions, followed by the South African
town of Kriel, about 150km east of Johannesburg, Monday's report
The industrial city of Norilsk is home to Norilsk Nickel
, the world's leading nickel and palladium producer.
The company is implementing a massive programme to improve
the ecology of the city and its surroundings.
The first stage of the programme is complete. After the
closure of an old nickel plant and reconstruction of nearby
plants, emissions in the city's residential area fell by 30%,
Nornickel told Reuters on Monday.
The second phase will involve a $2.5 billion sulphur project
to help to reduce sulphur dioxide emissions in and around
Norilsk by 75% from 2015 levels by 2023.
Under snow for up to nine months of the year and in darkness
for more than a month in winter, Norilsk has acquired a
reputation as one of the most polluted settlements in the world
because of its metals plants. Prisoners from Joseph Stalin's
labour camps built the first smelters there 80 years ago.
The South African town of Kriel, meanwhile, is home to state
power utility Eskom's 2,850 megawatt Kriel Power Station, a
short distance from two other coal-fired plants - Matla and
Kendel - as well as Sasol's coal-to-liquid plants.
The town is part of a 31,000 sq km area that covers three
provinces and houses 12 coal power stations. It was declared a
high-priority zone by the government in 2007 because of
dangerously high pollution.
South Africa is Africa's worst polluter and one of the
world's top 10 coal producers, with an estimated 3.5% of the
world's coal resources, according to the International Energy
Environmental and community groups sued the government in
June for failing to tackle high pollution in the Highveld
Priority Area. The groups want the court to force the government
to implement an air quality management plan that was published
by the environmental affairs minister in 2012.
Environmental ministry spokesman Albi Modise said the NASA
report was worrying and that national air quality plans needed
to be reviewed urgently but that economic growth also had to be
"You can't wake up and say you're closing all the coal power
stations; imagine what will happen to electricity supply and the
communities around them? We have to balance growth with
protecting the environment."
Eskom, which provides 90% of the country's power, relies on
a fleet of ageing coal-fired plants to power Africa's
industrialised economy and is struggling to meet its emissions
The utility implemented nationwide rolling power cuts this
year because of capacity shortages.
($1 = 15.3404 rand)
(Reporting by Mfuneko Toyana
Additional reporting by Polina Devitt in Moscow
Editing by Emelia Sithole-Matarise and David Goodman)
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